Pyres: 2001 UK FMD Outbreak - Photo: Murdo Macleod.  Slides L-R: Smallpox, SARS Coronavirus , Foot and Mouth Disease, West Nile Virus.

7 September 2013

Contact: Stephen M. Apatow
Founder, Director of Research & Development
Humanitarian Resource Institute (UN:NGO:DESA)
Humanitarian University Consortium Graduate Studies
Center for Medicine, Veterinary Medicine & Law
Phone: 203-668-0282


Pathobiologics International

Biosecurity Prioritization - High Consequence Strains -  BSL-4 labs

Is a pandemic from a lab release from mtGOF flu research a possibility? The simple likelihood-weighted-consequence analysis (LWC analysis) presented here can provide insight into the answer for this question. Among the consequences of a release are fatalities, severe illness, and economic loss. Each lab working with mtGOF flu strains carries with it the burden of these consequences. To simplify the analysis, fatalities from a pandemic are considered to be the only consequence, here called the “fatality burden.” The fatality burden has three components: the probability of a mtGOF flu strain release from a lab, the probability that release leads to a pandemic, and the number of pandemic fatalities.  -- The Human Fatality Burden of Gain of Function Flu Research: A Risk Assessment: Lynn C. Klotz, Senior Science Fellow, Center for Arms Control and Non Proliferation.

Special thanks to Dr. JackWoodall, for passing this on for a targeted background discussion on the subject matter.


HRI:H-II OPSEC Ground Zero

From Y2K to Today: The HRI International Disaster Information Network provides leadership for global infrastructure analysis, contingency planning and response for complex emergencies. --  HRI:H-II OPSEC Ground Zero.

The Humanitarian University Consortium (ProMED:ISID: Announcements 2003 (08): Humanitarian Univ. Consort.) was founded to support the development of  initiatives associated with economic, social, cultural and humanitarian issues worldwide.  Our mission is to serve as (1) an international community of scholars, (2) a bridge between Humanitarian Resource Institute and the international academic community, (3) a think tank in support of the United Nations programs and (4) the promotion of higher learning through both traditional and distance education.

In the publication "Biological Threats and Terrorism, Assessing the Science and Response Capabilities: Workshop Summary," the National Academy of Sciences has recognized Humanitarian Resource Institute (HRI) as one of nine leading educational and research institutions. These include:

  • Center for Nonproliferation Studies.
  • Columbia University: Center for Public Health Preparedness.
  • Harvard University John F. Kennedy School of Government: Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.
  • Humanitarian Resource Institute.
  • Johns Hopkins University: Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies.
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Center for International Studies.
  • National Academy of Sciences.
  • University of Maryland: Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland.
  • University of Minnesota: Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy.

Reference: Forum on Emerging Infections, Board on Global Health. "Front Matter." Biological Threats and Terrorism: Assessing the Science and Response Capabilities: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2002.


[Biodefense Threat Analysis Center]
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