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4 April 2011

From: Stephen M. Apatow
Founder, Director of Research & Development
Humanitarian Resource Institute
Humanitarian University Consortium Graduate Studies
Center for Medicine, Veterinary Medicine & Law
Phone: 203-668-0282

Subject: OIE/FAO/WHO: Japan Release Into Seawater - Hazardous Materials - International Law

Today, the Wall Street Journal reported: [1]

Tokyo Electric Power Co. began dumping three million gallons of low-level radioactive water into the Pacific Ocean on Monday in an effort to ward off the release of even-more-dangerous material from its damaged nuclear-power plant.

The water the utility began releasing Monday has radioactive iodine-131 contamination around 100 times and as much as 500 times what is considered safe in normal times and cesium-134 and cesium-137 of some 50-70 times. While iodine dissipates relatively quickly, cesium remains in the environment for many years.

Radioisotope Brief: Iodine-131 (I-131): CDC:
Radioisotope Brief: Cesium-137 (Cs-137): CDC:
Radioisotope Brief: Plutonium-239 (Pu-239): CDC:

In the context of legal responsibility for dispersal of hazardous waste and materials, I would like to refer you to the American University: College of Law: Program on International & Comparative Environmental law: Hazardous Wastes and Materials:


Note: A testing team dispatched by the United Nations' International Atomic Energy Association Monday reported radiation levels 1,600 times above normal 12 miles from the Fukushima plant. -- Japan says high seawater radiation levels are no cause for alarm, CSM, 22 March 2011. [2]

Our appeal continues for the international community to unite in efforts to help Japan with the immediate containment of this radiological emergency.  30 years

  1. Tepco Releases Radioactive Water: Wall Street Journal. Url:
  2. Japan says high seawater radiation levels are no cause for alarm, CSM, 22 March 2011. Url:

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